Wine – Run windows app on Linux

Wine is a free & open source software application designed to run windows-based application on other operating systems. In English, using wine one can run any windows software (games including) in Linux!

Trivia: WINE is an acronym for WINdows Emulator or Wine Is Not an Emulator.

Wine for Ubuntu and Ubuntu derivatives

Wine is not a part of default repository that comes with the Ubuntu bundle. So as a first measure, we need to add the Wine repository to Ubuntu software sources.

Adding the WineHQ PPA Repository

Open “System Settings” by clicking on the top-right corner of the ubuntu desktop.

ubuntu-system-settings
Open software settings in ubuntu

 

Open “Software updates” as shown below:

Ubuntu Software Updates
Ubuntu Software Updates

 

In the “Software & Updates” window, select ‘Other Software‘ and then click on ‘Add…‘ to get this:

Ubuntu add a new repo
Ubuntu add a new repo

Then, copy and paste the following: ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa.

Installing Wine

Open “Ubuntu Software Center“:

ubuntu-software-center
Ubuntu Software Center

 

Type ‘wine‘ in the right-top corner textbox of the software center window, which is actually a search textbox. Click ‘Enter.’  You should get a list of all softwares related to wine. The one of interest to us is the top-most one titled ‘Microsofts Windows Compatibility Layer.‘ Select it and click ‘Install.’

Once installed you should be able to see a view like below where ‘Install’ button is replaced with ‘Remove.’

ubuntu-install-wine
Install Wine

Voila! Installation done! 🙂

What next?

Configure Wine

This would be the first step I would suggest to do.

ubuntu-configure-wine
Configure Wine

 

The major step is to configure wine to the windows version you are interested in. For instance, I am interested in “Windows 7” so change the ‘Windows version’ to ‘WIndows 7’.

ubuntu-wine-configuration
Wine Configuration

This ensures that Wine will emulate Windows 7 behavior, if it would make any difference to the software you are going to install.

How to install?

Unfortunately, there is only one way to do it. Command line! First step, download the software you want to install. Next step is to install the package using wine as show below:

$> wine [full path of .exe file]

Done! 🙂

Install Wine using apt-get

Same as before we have to add Wine HQ repository to the software sources and install wine.

$> sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
$> sudo apt-get update
$> sudo apt-get install wine

Done! 🙂

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